Trees need the right conditions to thrive once they are planted. The right light, soil, diversity, and space for roots can ensure trees' longevity. The Morton Arboretum has gleaned advice from decades of tree-focused research to help homeowners and municpal arborists choose the right tree for the right place. The Morton Arboretum has distilled its research-based expertise into practical tools to guide tree choice and planting.
Guidance for tree planting
The Northern Illinois Tree Species List is designed to help you match your site conditions to the tree species that are most likely to thrive.
The Northern Illinois Tree Selector is an online version of the Tree Species List. This tool asks questions about site conditions and provides recommendations on the species that is most likely to thrive. LEARN MORE
Selecting and Planting Trees is a handbook of step-by-step, nuts-and-bolts instructions and advice.
Planning for diversity
Diversity is a main component of a healthy urban forest. Different species are susceptible to different pests and different kinds of damage, so the more different kinds of trees are planted in a community, the less vulnerable the overall community forest will be to invasive species, climate change, or severe weather.
One of the major reasons that Dutch elm disease and emerald ash borer have been so devastating to communities is that many had planted nothing but elms or a very high proportion of ashes.
The more closely related tree species are, the more likely they are to be vulnerable to the same pests and damage. So the goal is to follow the 5:10:15 rule: In any community, no more than 5 percent of trees should be of the same species; no more than 10 percent should be from the same genus; and no more than 15 percent should be from the same family. When choosing a tree to plant, make sure it is suitable for the growing conditions of the site and try something new. Look around your street and neighboring yards to see what they have planted, and choose something different.
Searchable tree database at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation.
Vascular Plant Name Search at the University of Wisconsin Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium.