All Common Names:
- Spring blossoms,
- Fall color,
- Attractive bark
Season of Interest:
- Early winter,
- Mid winter,
- Late winter,
- Mid fall,
- Late fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Game birds,
- Insect pollinators,
- Small mammals,
Tree & Plant Care
Avoid pruning birches in spring as they are 'bleeders' and will lose a great deal of sap.
Disease, pests, and problems
Use of this tree is limited by its susceptibility to bronze birch borer.
Japanese beetle is also a serious problem on this tree.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to China.
Bark color and texture
The thin bark is variable on this species and may be very white or more brownish in color..
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves; 2 to 3 inches long.
Dark green leaves are oval. Leaf margins are double serrated
Fall color is yellow.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Inconspicuous; male flowers in cylindrical catkins; females also in a cylindrical structure, but much smaller.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruits are small, winged nutlets held in catkins.
- Moderately Tolerant
Due to susceptibility to bronze birch borer (BBB), Himalayan birch is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. Himalayan birch has yellow fall color.
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Medium tree (25-40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6