February daphne is a dense, rounded shrub with highly fragrant rosy-lilac flowers in early spring. Small red fruit appear later in the summer. A plant for well-drained soils only, may be short-lived.
All common names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Mixed border,
- Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7
- Alkaline soil,
- Dry soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil,
- Sandy soil
- Occasional drought,
- Alkaline soil
Seasons of Interest:
- early spring,
- mid spring,
- late spring,
- late summer,
- early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Tree & Plant Care
A small, 3 to 5 feet high shrub with erect branching, often becoming leggy at the base.
Perfect drainage is a must, ideally in loose, sandy, neutral soil in full sun.
Daphnes do not transplant well and should not be moved once established.
Protect during winter in cold climates. Cover with evergreen boughs or mulch after ground freezes.
Prune after flowering before mid-July.
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Disease, pests, and problems
Leaf spots, crown rot, cankers, and scale
Avoid windy sites.
Plants will do well for several years then die for no obvious reason.
Native geographic location and habitat
Europe and Siberia
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
Birds are attracted to fruit.
Bark color and texture
Brown to tan, often twiggy.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, deciduous or semi-evergreen, simple dark green leaves are 1-inch long and narrow.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers are very fragrant, lilac to rose-purple, 2-3 per 1/2-inch clusters and develop before the leaves appear in early April
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruit is a 1/3-inch diameter red berry that matures in June.
All parts of plant is poisonous, especially the fruit.