Pin cherry is a fast-growing, small, slender tree reaching 30 feet tall with a narrow crown, often forming dense colonies. This short-lived tree is often found growing in sunny, dry soils and one of the first trees to appear after fires. Attractive, reddish brown bark is marked with horizontal bands of orange-colored lenticels. Difficult to find in nursery trade. Native to Midwest. "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research."
All common names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Chicago area,
- North America
- medium tree (25-40 feet),
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 2,
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago)
- Moist, well-drained soil,
- Sandy soil
- Dry sites,
- Occasional drought,
- Alkaline soil
Seasons of Interest:
- early winter,
- late winter,
- mid spring,
- late summer,
- early fall,
- mid fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size & Form
A small, narrow tree 25 to 30 feet high and 18 to 25 feet wide or shrub with horizontal branches.
Tree & Plant Care
Generally not recommended because it is a short-lived tree.
Grows best in cool climates in full sun and well drained sandy soils.
One of first trees to invade recently disturbed sites forming dense thickets.
Disease, pests, and problems
Susceptible to fireblight, canker, and borer.
Disease, pests, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to upper Midwest in dry open fields and wood edge clearings
Bark color and texture
Young bark is shiny reddish-bronze color.
Mature bark develops dark red horizontal lenicels.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, simple, finely serrated margins on 3 to 5 inch and 1 to 1/2 inch wide green leaves.
Fall color is yellow to red.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Clusters of 1/2 inch wide fragrant, white flowers.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
A small, 1/4 inch bright red shiny fleshy berry (drupe).