All common names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Occasional drought,
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil
Seasons of Interest:
- late spring,
- early summer,
- late summer,
- early fall,
- mid fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Tree & Plant Care
Best in full sun to part shade in well-drained soil.
Cut stems back in spring to promote branching.
Long canes can be trained on a trellis.
Disease, pests, and problems
Leaf spots, mildew, rust, twig blight
Not tolerant of heavy salt spray or black walnut toxicity.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant to dry conditions once established
Native geographic location and habitat
Typically occurs in moist soils along streams, in prairie thickets, along roads, and fence rows.
Native in lower Midwest into Texas.
Attracts birds & butterflies
Small fruits attract birds.
Bark color and texture
Twigs are green to reddish tinged with tiny white lenticles.
A pair of recurved prickled thorns are scattered along the stems.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, pinnately compound leaves with 3 leaflets. Upper surface dark green with paler beneath.
Leaf margins are single or doubly serrated.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
The mostly pink, slightly fragrant, 5-petaled flowers are 2 to 3 inches in diameter.
The sepals curve backward during the flowering period. One of the last roses to begin blooming from mid-June through July.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Small, 1/3-inch diameter red fruits mature in fall.