Silverbell is a medium-sized tree that produces white bell-shaped flowers in spring. The flowers are followed by dry fruits with four wings. This tree may be difficult to find in nurseries.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
All common names:
- Residential and parks
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- North America
- Shade tree,
- medium tree (25-40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
- Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8,
- Zone 9
- Acid soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Wet sites,
- Clay soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- May be difficult to find in nurseries
- Spring blossoms,
- Persistent fruit/seeds,
- Showy fruit,
- Showy flowers,
- Attractive bark
Seasons of Interest:
- mid spring,
- late spring
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Insect pollinators,
- Small mammals
Tree & Plant Care
Grows in full sun to partial shade in a moist, well-drained, acidic soil.Chlorosis may occur on high pH soils.
Twigs may be killed in severe winters.
Prune after flowering in the spring.
Disease, pests and problems
Not tolerant of salt or compacted soils.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the southeastern United States.
Bark color and texture
Attractive, smooth, gray bark with creamy-white striping.Bark on twigs exfoliates slightly in fine silvery shreds.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves, 2 to 5 inches long with an elliptic shape.
Margins slightly serrate.
Dark green summer color changing to an attractive yellow or yellow-green.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Pendulous, white, bell-shaped flowers in clusters of up to five.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed
Flowers are followed by a dry, 4-winged brown fruit in the fall.
Cultivars and their differences
Crushed Velvet™ Carolina silverbell (Halesia carolina 'JFS-PN2Legacy'): This cultivar has smaller leaves with a wavy texture. It is a more compact tree growing 20 feet high and 15 feet wide.
Pink-flowered Carolina silverbell (Halesia carolina 'Rosea'): Pink flowers.
Rosy Ridge Carolina silverbell (Halesia carolina 'Rosy Ridge'): Pink flowers and slightly faster growth rate.
Uconn Wedding Bells Carolina silverbell (Halesia carolina 'Uconn Wedding Bells'): Larger flowers on a smaller tree (20 feet high).